How to use function words on a cloze passage to focus on different aspects of language

Functors or function words are the 'little words' (pronouns, helping verbs, articles, etc.) that have little lexical meaning on their own but hold the lexical words together and (along with changes to the lexical words' forms, morphology) integrate these words in grammatical sentences.

Functors can be used in a cloze passage in three ways:

October 2018